Hospital Stretcher Trolley



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Meaning of Hospital Stretcher Trolley

A stretcher, litter, or pram is an apparatus used for moving patients who require medical aid . A basic type (cot or litter) must be carried by two or more people. A wheeled stretcher (known as a gurney, trolley, bed or cart) is usually equipped with variable height frames, wheels, tracks, or skids. In American English , a wheeled stretcher also can be mentioned as a gurney. Stretchers are primarily utilized in acute out-of-hospital care situations by emergency medical services (EMS), military, and search and rescue personnel. In medical forensics the proper arm of a corpse is left hanging off the stretcher to let paramedics realize it isn't a wounded patient. They also are wont to hold prisoners during lethal injections within the us .



•Basic stretchers

a. Simple stretchers are the foremost rudimentary type. They're lightweight and portable, made from canvas or other synthetic material suspended between two poles or tubular aluminum frame. Many are stored as disaster supplies and are often former military equipment.

b. The folding stretcher, also referred to as a top deck or collapsible stretcher, is analogous in design to the straightforward stretcher, but features one or more hinged points of articulation to allow the stretcher to be collapsed into a more compact form for easier handling or storage. Some models may even allow the patient to take a seat upright during a Fowler's or Semi-Fowler's position.


c. the inside track stretcher is employed for lifting patients, as an example from the bottom onto an ambulance stretcher or onto a spinal board. the 2 ends of the stretcher are often detached from one another , splitting the stretcher into two longitudinal halves. To load a patient, one or both ends of the stretcher are detached, the halves placed under the patient from either side and fastened back together. With obese patients, the likelihood exists of accidentally pinching the patient's back when closing the stretcher, so care must be made to not injure them when completing this procedure.

d. The litter, also referred to as a rescue basket or Stokes basket, is meant to be used where there are obstacles to movement or other hazards: for instance , in confined spaces, on slopes, in wooded terrain. Typically, it's shaped to accommodate an adult during a confront position and it's utilized in search and rescue operations. The person is strapped into the basket, making safe evacuation possible. The litter has raised sides and sometimes includes a removable head/torso protect patient protection. After the person is secured within the litter, the litter could also be wheeled, carried by hand, mounted on an ATV, towed behind skis, snowmobile, or horse, lifted or lowered on high angle ropes, or hoisted by helicopter.

e. A Reeves Sleeve, SKED, or "flexible stretcher" may be a flexible stretcher that's often supported longitudinally by wooden or plastic planks. it's a sort of tarpaulin with handles. it's primarily wont to move a patient through confined spaces, e.g., a narrow hallway, or to lift obese patients. Reeves stretchers have six handholds, allowing multiple rescuers to help extrication.

f. The WauK board is additionally designed to be used in small spaces. The patient is secured to the board with straps. It's two wheels and a foldable footrest at one end, allowing the patient to be moved by one person, very much like with a truck for moving cargo. It can even be used at a spread of angles, making it easier to traverse obstacles, like tight stairwells.


•Wheeled stretchers

For ambulances, a collapsible wheeled stretcher, or gurney, may be a sort of stretcher on a variable-height wheeled frame. Normally, an integral lug on the stretcher locks into a sprung latch within the ambulance so as to stop movement during transport, often mentioned as antlers thanks to their shape. It's usually covered with a disposable sheet and cleaned after each patient so as to stop the spread of infection. Its key value is to facilitate moving the patient and sheet onto a hard and fast bed or table on arrival at the emergency department. Both types may have straps to secure the patient.

Other sorts of stretchers

The stretcher was a kind of stretcher employed by the French army during war I. The casualty was placed on their back, but during a "seated position", (that is, the thighs were perpendicular to the abdomen). Thus, the stretcher was shorter and will turn within the trenches. This sort of stretcher is never seen today.